Although they are found in the subsurface of many regions around the world, bedrock aquifers (in granite, schist, gneiss bedrock, etc.) have long been considered as not particularly productive, and very complex to study. BRGM has developed new methods and techniques in order to find, manage and protect groundwater resources more effectively in these environments.

Contact us

Would you like more information about this offer or would you like to use our services? Please contact our teams.

Photo of an open well

Photo of an open well in a weathered granite bedrock (Maheshwaram, India, 2002). 


Your challenges and needs

There are large areas where the bedrock is very close to the surface, and the groundwater found there plays a significant role in the rural and economic development of the area concerned. This is all the more true in arid or semi-arid environments where there is little surface water to be drawn on.

Understanding the origins, geometry, hydraulic properties and behaviour of bedrock aquifers allows us to develop their potential. It has been demonstrated that the process of weathering transforms the properties of rocks, making them highly variable through the creation of 'random' cracks that make them permeable. Moreover, weathered rocks are more porous than parent rock and therefore have significant groundwater retention capacities.

The highly variable properties of these aquifers mean that specific prospecting and analysis methods are required to assess the capacity of these formations to supply water. The aim is to improve knowledge of the structure and hydrogeological functioning of these rocks, while ensuring the sustainable management of the aquifers.

Our added value

In response to the difficulties encountered in accessing and using this limited and sometimes overexploited resource, BRGM has developed comprehensive approaches for studying hydrogeological systems in bedrock environments. It implements methods and tools to exploit and manage the resource sustainably at the catchment basin level. Its interdisciplinary experts take into account the specific characteristics of your projects, in France or abroad, in order to:

  • Optimise exploration operations and resource characterisation through:
    • The use of techniques and methods to identify the best location for wells to improve the viability rate in terms of exploitable output;
    • The characterisation and mapping of bedrock aquifer weathering profiles and their hydrodynamic properties (porosity, permeability, etc.);
    • The mapping of groundwater stocks and their exploitation potential at different scales;
    • Geophysical prospecting devoted to hydrogeology in bedrock environments;
    • The detection of fractured zones through the measurement of natural radon emissions.
  • Optimise the management of the resources and their exploitation through:
    • The analysis of linear features (structural alignment) using aerial photography and satellite images;
    • The interpretation of hydraulic tests in fractured environments drawing on methods used in the oil industry;
    • The assessment of the relationships between water tables and rivers;
    • The hydrogeological review of groundwater flows, and notably the assessment of the natural recharge of aquifers;
    • The development of predictive models to assess changes in the water tables over the medium (seasonal variation) and long term (climate change) so as to optimise the management of the resources.

Technical and digital facilities

A few references

  • Exploration for groundwater resources in bedrock aquifers in Brittany, Limousin, Lozère and the Vosges (RAPSODI project, BRGM/RP-56749-FR report);
  • Mapping of Burundi's groundwater potential (Report);
  • Hydrogeological map of France at a scale of 1:1,000,000 to locate aquifer-bearing geological formations;
  • Drinking water supply for river-side villages in French Guiana (BRGM/RR-39192-FR report);
  • Prediction of water inflow during the construction of a tunnel through a mountain range.

For more information

Research projects on hydrogeology in bedrock areas in West Africa and India, resulting in numerous publications, including:

  • Maréchal, J.C., Dewandel, B. & Subrahmanyam, K. 2004: Use of hydraulic tests at different scales to characterize fracture network properties in the weathered-fractured layer of a hard rock aquifer, Water Resources Research, 40, 11;
  • Dewandel B, Lachassagne P, Wyns R, Maréchal JC, Krishnamurthy NS (2006) A generalized 3-D geological and hydrogeological conceptual model of granite aquifers controlled by single or multiphase weathering. Journal of Hydrology 330 (1-2): 260-284.)
Coloured volcanic lakes, New-Zealand

Contact us

Would you like more information about this offer or would you like to use our services? Fill in this contact form. We will get back to you as soon as possible.
* Indicates required field

Your need

Your message

Your contact details

Validate the form

To validate this form, read our data protection policy and validate the security test to confirm that you are a human user.

About the personal data collected on this form

  • Purpose of the form: to enable BRGM to respond to a request for information you have made.
  • Users of the data provided: the departments in charge of communication and user of information systems reception, support and assistance, who may share the data with persons or departments concerned by your request in-house at BRGM and/or with subcontractors or service providers.

Your rights

Within the limits of the Regulation, in particular Articles 15 to 22 of the GDPR and having provided proof of identity, you have:

  • the right of information and access to your personal data,
  • the right to have your personal data rectified,
  • the right to delete or limit processing of your personal data.

To exercise these rights, please contact our data protection officer at:
Any request that constitutes an abuse of current laws and regulations may be rejected.
More information on the policy for third-party personal data protection