BRGM and the French National Institute for Industrial Environment and Risks (Ineris) were asked by the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition to draw up a guide on groundwater quality monitoring applied to ICPEs (installations classified for environmental protection) and polluted sites.
Groundwater quality monitoring obligations under the Water Framework Directive
All ICPEs must abide by the principles of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), which implies that groundwater must be monitored to ensure that its quality is maintained.
The guide co-authored by the BRGM and INERIS describes the measures to be taken to ensure monitoring throughout all the phases of an ICPE life cycle (from the initial status of the site before installation of the facility to post-decommissioning).
These measures may also be required for groundwater surveillance by non-listed facilities.
To be published: a guide to non-hazardous waste storage
The guide concerning ICPEs does not apply to some of the specific requirements for the surveillance of groundwater quality in non-hazardous waste storage facilities. A second guide supplementing its recommendations for this specific context is therefore to be published
Different types of boreholes can be set up for groundwater monitoring.
What is an ICPE?
ICPE is the French acronym for a facility listed for environmental protection. These are industrial or agricultural facilities liable to general pollution of any type that may be harmful to the health and safety of neighbouring communities and users.