CEFIRES : the indo-french centre for groundwater research
The Indo-French Centre for Groundwater
Research (IFCGR) was created in 2000 by
BRGM and the National Geophysical
Research Centre (NGRI) in Hyderabad -
Andhra Pradesh, India. In March 2005, the
centre celebrated its fifth anniversary.
The centre's main purpose is to research the
hard rock aquifer systems that cover most of
the Indian Territory. Hard rock systems are
quite complex, but proper use of water
resources in these aquifers is the onlymeans
of preventing the severewater level falls,and
growing water shortages, that affect many
areas of India, including Andhra Pradesh.
IFCGR staff consists of three French and
three permanent Indian researchers. It bene-
fits both from the expertise fromBRGMand
NGRI. It hosts several postgraduates and
often visiting international experts.
Major achievements include refining a
conceptual model for hard rock aquifer sys-
tems.This was first developed in France, and
has now been successfully adapted to the
Indian context through work carried out in
the small Maheshwaram river basin, south-
west of Hyderabad. Field survey methodolo-
gies in fractured hard rock environments,
including hydraulic tests, have been impro-
ved, and modelling techniques developed.
Recently, a decision support tool was built
and applied successfully in a first attempt to
help suggest more efficient use of ground-
water resources in the Maheshwaram river
basin. Solutions included use of alternative
crop patterns, crop changes, and more effi-
cient use of irrigation water, with a decrea-
se in overall pumping.The feasibility of inte-
grated surface and groundwater manage-
ment in this basin using artificial recharge is
now under study.
Future research at IFCGR will focus more (1)
on scaling-up of techniques to adapt exis-
tingmethodologies and tools to larger-scale
basins in hard rock aquifer systems, and (2)
on water quality deterioration resulting
fromhuman impact, over pumping, or natu-
ral water-rock interactions.
Oil shale fuelled installations will have to be
modernized by 2015,so that sulphur dioxide emissions
do not exceed 25,000 tonnes in 2012,andwill be further
Some water quality limits will only apply from
January 2008 to towns with populations of over
2,000, before being extended to the whole country as
According to estimates by the Estonian Ministry of
Economic Affairs,the cost of bringing the energy sector
into line with the main European directives will
amount to more than
370 million by 2009. Other
measures might subsequently be needed to remedy
pollution from the energy sector. All measures to be
proposed within the framework of the Lake Peipsi dis-
trict management plan will be subject to a second
phase of studies.
Location of the main sources of aquifer contamination.
Localisation des principales sources de pollution.
Source :MAVES - LIFE-FFEM "Peipsi-CAMP" Project - Assessment of groundwater bodies status
sustainable water resource management