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CEFIRES : the indo-french centre for groundwater research

The Indo-French Centre for Groundwater

Research (IFCGR) was created in 2000 by

BRGM and the National Geophysical

Research Centre (NGRI) in Hyderabad -

Andhra Pradesh, India. In March 2005, the

centre celebrated its fifth anniversary.

The centre's main purpose is to research the

hard rock aquifer systems that cover most of

the Indian Territory. Hard rock systems are

quite complex, but proper use of water

resources in these aquifers is the onlymeans

of preventing the severewater level falls,and

growing water shortages, that affect many

areas of India, including Andhra Pradesh.

IFCGR staff consists of three French and

three permanent Indian researchers. It bene-

fits both from the expertise fromBRGMand

NGRI. It hosts several postgraduates and

often visiting international experts.

Major achievements include refining a

conceptual model for hard rock aquifer sys-

tems.This was first developed in France, and

has now been successfully adapted to the

Indian context through work carried out in

the small Maheshwaram river basin, south-

west of Hyderabad. Field survey methodolo-

gies in fractured hard rock environments,

including hydraulic tests, have been impro-

ved, and modelling techniques developed.

Recently, a decision support tool was built

and applied successfully in a first attempt to

help suggest more efficient use of ground-

water resources in the Maheshwaram river

basin. Solutions included use of alternative

crop patterns, crop changes, and more effi-

cient use of irrigation water, with a decrea-

se in overall pumping.The feasibility of inte-

grated surface and groundwater manage-

ment in this basin using artificial recharge is

now under study.

Future research at IFCGR will focus more (1)

on scaling-up of techniques to adapt exis-

tingmethodologies and tools to larger-scale

basins in hard rock aquifer systems, and (2)

on water quality deterioration resulting

fromhuman impact, over pumping, or natu-

ral water-rock interactions.

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Oil shale fuelled installations will have to be

modernized by 2015,so that sulphur dioxide emissions

do not exceed 25,000 tonnes in 2012,andwill be further

reduced thereafter.

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Some water quality limits will only apply from

1

st

January 2008 to towns with populations of over

2,000, before being extended to the whole country as

of 1

st

January 2013.

According to estimates by the Estonian Ministry of

Economic Affairs,the cost of bringing the energy sector

into line with the main European directives will

amount to more than

370 million by 2009. Other

measures might subsequently be needed to remedy

pollution from the energy sector. All measures to be

proposed within the framework of the Lake Peipsi dis-

trict management plan will be subject to a second

phase of studies.

Location of the main sources of aquifer contamination.

Localisation des principales sources de pollution.

Source :MAVES - LIFE-FFEM "Peipsi-CAMP" Project - Assessment of groundwater bodies status

sustainable water resource management